The Persian carpet is the only flooring that will not lose its beauty as a result of walking, washing and, the light. It is much surprising that even doing so makes it more beautiful and eye-catching.
This is one of the characteristics of the handwoven carpets, especially if the handwoven carpet is painted using natural colors. The more the handwoven carpet is underfoot and used, the more its financial and artistic value will be.
The handwoven carpet is made of natural fibers. That is why it is cold in the summer and it is hot in the winter, but the machine-made carpet does not have this quality because of its plastic materials. Remember, some artificial fibers are allergic for children and harmful for those suffering from some diseases like asthma but the natural fibers in handwoven carpet do not cause allergy.
Due to the use of wool, silk, and cotton as raw material in handwoven carpet, it does not generate static electricity. Another fascinating feature of the Iranian handwoven carpet is its diverse and relaxing designs and colors, which fit every style and taste.
When think of Persian carpet, most of us remember a carpet with a red lacquer field, which has a large flower in the middle, called “Toranj”, and four Lachak (3 angels) on the four corners of the carpet. Also, we assume that there are flowers, leaves and arabesque designs around the Toranj. Many of us consider this design as a repetitive one.
However, this Lachak-Toranj design, which is repetitive for us, is one of the most original designs of the Iranian carpets that are popular in the global markets.
But the design of Iranian carpets is not limited to the Lachak-Toranj with a lacquer field; there are many other designs some of which are forgotten. The following tips help you choose the right design:
If you want an intricate and artistic carpet to decorate the floor of your house like a flower garden in May, you can buy the Lacha-Toranj or Shekargah carpets of Tabriz, Qom, and Isfahan, or the “Riz-Mahi” and “Hezareh Haris” of Marand.
If you are looking for carpets with rural and tribal landscapes, you can buy “Man and Animal”, “Flower and Bird”, “Tree”, “Tree and Man”, and “Camel’s foot”. You can buy the carpets of Fars, Northern Khorasan, Kurdistan, and Golestan provinces.
If you want to decorate your home with simple carpets and create a relaxing atmosphere at home, you should buy Kerman and Ardakan carpets with desert-like patterns.
The background color of these carpets, such as desert nature, is camel, gray and creamy. The “simple floor” design is the carpet in which the surrounding fields of Lachak-Toranj do not have any particular pattern. “Mahramat”, “Rah Rah” and “Qab-e-Qurani ” are some examples of this type.
If you are looking for modern designs that fit your sports furniture, buy one of the geometric designs of the “Kheshti”, “Qabi”, “Minakhani”, “Bot-Jeqe” of Isfahan, Kashan, or Arak.
If you are looking for cheap Persian carpets, you can buy Riz-Mahi, Mehrabi, and Lachak-Toranj designs of Hamadan, Kashan, and Zanjan provinces that are woven from thick wool.
So far, you have been familiar with different designs of Persian carpet, but it can be said that the most important thing in buying a carpet is to recognize the quality. In the following section, we will explain how to determine the quality of the Persian carpet and the problems that may exist.
The size of the carpet should be taken into consideration. You can ignore a few centimeters of difference in the dimensions of the carpet in the upper and lower parts, which is essentially one of the characteristics of Persian carpet, but more than a few centimeters, especially in small rugs, is the deficiency of the carpet.
By folding the carpet from the middle and putting together the upper and lower parts, it is possible to determine the symmetry of the design to the axes that pass from the center of the carpet. You can also measure the distance between the different points of the carpet with a meter or a ruler.
Pay attention to the color symmetry in the woven patterns of the carpet, too. In addition, be careful that the motifs and patterns of the design are not unfinished in the texture of the carpet. Each line and branch should have its own shape and natural stretch, and they should not suddenly disappear or cut among the patterns.
The carpet should be examined from different aspects in daylight. The color of the carpet in the pile direction is darker than its color in the opposite side of the pile direction. As a result, the pattern lines are more clearly visible in the pile direction. Do not forget that the color of the carpet should be uniform throughout its entire surface. Especially in carpets with plain field, they should not be bicolored and/or have color distortion.
Be careful that the color of the carpet is sufficiently rich and complete, and the end section of the pile should not have color difference with the surface of the carpet, because this color difference means that the carpet is painted with inky colors.
The carpet should be durable, shiny, and flexible. Carpets with soft pile are less durable than carpets with thick pile. They are also more likely to absorb dust and cannot even be clean like rough pile carpets.
Perhaps the most important factor to consider in choosing a Persian carpet is its texture. To check the quality of the texture, it is better to check the back of the carpet. By examining the back of the carpet, you can better understand the tips such as the knot count, the way of density and bumping, and also the uniformity of the design.
How to count the number of knots? You can count the knots by using a magnifying glass that includes a calibrated frame of measuring units (centimeters or inches). Count the number of knots in the width and length of a frame separately and multiply them to each other to get the number of the knots per unit of the surface of the carpet.
But you need to be very careful because the difference in the counting of one or two knots distorts the result of the overall calculation. For accurate calculations, it is better to count the knots at several different points of the carpet and set their mean as the criterion of the calculation. The density of the lower parts of the carpet is usually greater than its upper parts.
Just check the back of the carpet carefully. The parts that have or are likely to be rotten or mended are better recognized by checking the back of the carpet. The mended parts are usually tighter than the other parts of the carpet, and with some precision you can see the signs of the needle. Moreover, if you suspect that the carpet is mended, a fracture will appear if you fold it.
When checking the carpet piles, note that the height of the pile is not the criterion for the delicacy of the carpet. To control the quality and the way of weaving the carpet, you should touch it with hand. The height of the piles should be of the same size in different parts of the carpet and do not have waves. In addition to the dissimilar weave, one of the reasons for the irregularity of the piles is the rough way of washing the carpet fibers.